With Frances, she says, they went from doctor to doctor and were told to simply watch and wait—or that there were various physical reasons for her delays, such as not being able to see well because of an eye condition called strabismus that would require surgical treatment at 20 months. Experts also believed that girls with autism were, on average, more seriously affected—with more severe symptoms, such as intellectual disability. Behavioral and preliminary neuroimaging findings suggest autism manifests differently in girls. Girls in the study will be compared with autistic boys, as well as typically developing children of both sexes, using brain scans, genetic testing and other measures. Newer research suggests that both these ideas may be wrong. In psychologist Thomas Frazier of the Cleveland Clinic and his colleagues assessed 2, autistic children, of them girls.
They are also beginning to find ways to meet the unique needs of girls and women on the spectrum. They found that if boys and girls had a similar level of such traits, the girls needed to have either more behavioral problems or significant intellectual disability, or both, to be diagnosed. As scientists study how this disorder plays out in girls, they are confronting findings that could overturn their ideas not only about autism but also about sex and how it both biologically and socially affects many aspects of development. Until very recently, few resources have been available to help autistic girls through these difficulties. She weighs what she does say very carefully. Frances Pelphrey's obsession with Disney characters and American Girl dolls might seem typical, not autistic, for example. Girls in the study will be compared with autistic boys, as well as typically developing children of both sexes, using brain scans, genetic testing and other measures. Of course, adolescence is difficult for most kids, but it is especially challenging for autistic girls. Both people with autism and those with anorexia tend to be rigid, detail-oriented and distressed by change. Typical girls who get school credit for volunteering provide mentoring and talk about boys and other issues the girls might not want to discuss with adults. I've always heard women are socially aware to the needs of others, and that's not me, most of the time … I feel like I get pressured to be that way. Aimed at helping affected girls navigate adolescence, it focuses on specific issues such as hygiene and dress. If either—or both—of these hypotheses is correct, then there will always be more boys than girls on the spectrum. Instead their pastimes and preferences are more similar to those of other girls. These criteria, Pelphrey and other researchers believe, may be missing many girls and adult women because their symptoms look different. But even he did not recognize the condition in his daughter, who was finally diagnosed at about five years of age. It might be more like two to one. Such comparisons can help researchers tease out which developmental differences are attributable to autism, as opposed to sex, as well as whether autism itself affects sex differences in the brain and how social and biological factors interact in producing gender-typical behaviors. Notably, females with autism may be closer to typically developing males in their social abilities than typical girls or boys with autism. A second idea emerges when looking at the typical strengths of women. They found that in boys, having an autism diagnosis was linked with higher levels of fetal testosterone and various other hormones, but the first cohort tested had too few girls with autism, so they are analyzing later births to see if the same results will be found. Either way, it is clear that a greater understanding of autism in girls is needed to recognize this condition. She identifies as gender queer and believes gender norms cause many problems for people on the spectrum. Many of the women report having difficulty keeping—but not getting—jobs, despite excellent qualifications. O'Toole's behavior might have seemed like typical make-believe to her parents because she staged Barbie weddings just like other little girls.
Video about what girls like about sex:
What type of sex do girls like? What girls want in bed!
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